Concepts, Benefits and Learning Process in Health Nursing

Concepts, Benefits and Learning Process in Health Nursing
The nursing process is a method in which a concept is applied in nursing practice. This can be called a problem solving approach that requires knowledge, techniques and interpersonal skills and is intended to meet the needs of clients / families. The nursing process consists of five sequential and related stages: assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation and evaluation (Iyer et al, 1996) The nursing process is a systematic way carried out by the nurse with the client in determining the needs of nursing care by conducting an assessment, determining the diagnosis, planning the actions to be carried out, carrying out the actions and evaluating the results of care that has been given by focusing on the client's base, oriented to the goal at each stage interdependence and interconnection. (Editorial, 2004. 95).
The characteristics of the nursing process according to Studied of Journals (2004.97) are as follows; The nursing process is a method of solving problems that are open and flexible in meeting client needs, also always developing against existing problems and keep abreast of the times. The nursing process can be done through an individual approach of meeting the needs of patients. Through the nursing process there are a number of problems that need to be planned.
Through the nursing process will be directed towards the purpose of nursing services in meeting basic human needs. The nursing process itself is a cycle that is interconnected between one stage and another and does not stand alone. The existence of the nursing process to determine the problem will be more quickly resolved, remembering in the nursing process there is an emphasis on data validation and the existence of proof of the problem and emphasizes on feedback or review in knowing basic needs in a comprehensive manner. Benefits of the Nursing Process.
The benefits of the nursing process according to Gaffar (1999) include several aspects, namely: 1. Administrative aspects. Nursing documentation activities in the form of recording and reporting will guarantee the quality of nursing care because of this activity can be communicated and evaluated on client development. 2. Legal Aspects. Nursing care is based on investigation, observation and analysis, which aims to provide assurance that the client's health problems are identified so that interventions are carried out more effectively and can be accounted for, so that they will provide protection and legal certainty for the client. 3. Economic aspects. The nursing process will guarantee the care provided in accordance with the client's health needs, so it is more efficient in terms of cost because it is more proportional in the sense that it suits the client's needs. 4. Educational and Training Aspects. Nursing cannot be applied without education and training, otherwise nursing education will not develop properly without care from the nursing process as a scientific method of providing nursing care. Nursing Care Documentation Concepts.
Nursing documentation is evidence of recording and reporting that nurses have in carrying out care records that are useful for the benefit of clients, nurses, and the health team in providing health services on the basis of accurate and complete written communication with nurse responsibilities. This documentation is important because nursing services provided to clients require records and reporting that can be used as responsibilities and accountability of various possible problems experienced by clients both satisfaction and dissatisfaction with the services provided. Use of Documentation.
Nursing documentation according to Hidayat (2002. 6-7) has several uses for nurses and clients, among others: 1. As a Communication Tool. Documentation in providing well coordinated nursing care will avoid or prevent repeated information. Mistakes will also be reduced so that it can improve the quality of nursing care. Besides that communication can also be done effectively and efficiently. 2. As a Legal Liability Mechanism. Documentation standards contain rules or provisions regarding the implementation of documentation.
Therefore, the quality of the truth of the standard of documentation will be easily accounted for and can be used as protection for a lawsuit because it already has legal standards. 3. Data Collection Methods. Documentation can be used to look at patient data about the progress or development of the patient objectively and detect trends that might occur can also be used as research material, because the data is authentic and can be verified. Besides that documentation can be used as statistical data. 4. Individual Nursing Service Facilities.
This goal is an integration of various aspects of the client regarding the need for nursing services which include bio, spiko, social and spiritual needs so that individuals can benefit from nursing services. 5. Means of Evaluation. The end result of nursing care that has been documented is the evaluation of matters relating to nursing actions in providing nursing care. 6. Means of Increasing Collaboration between Health Teams.
Through documentation, doctors, nutritionists, physiotherapists and health workers will cooperate with each other in providing actions related to clients. Because only through authentic evidence of actions that have been carried out these activities will run professionally. 7. Means of Further Education. The available evidence demands a better and more directed education system in accordance with the program the client wants. Especially for nurses, this evidence can be used as a tool to improve further education about nursing. 8. Useful Documentation for Monitoring the Quality of Nursing Services. What has been given in connection with competence in carrying out nursing care.

Nursing Processes of Related Phases

Nursing Processes of Related Phases
The nursing process is a method in which a concept is applied in nursing practice, this is referred to as an approach to problem solving that requires knowledge, techniques, and interpersonal skills that aim to meet the needs of clients, families and communities. The nursing process consists of five sequential and interrelated stages, namely assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation and evaluation (Lyer et al. 1996).
The stages are integrated with the problem solving intellectual function in defining a nursing care. The nursing process is five stages that are consistent with the development of the nursing profession. The stage was first described by Hall. Yura and Walsh describe into the stages of assessment, planning, implementation and evaluation. In the same year, the first edition of the nursing process was published in four stages which included assessment, planning, implementation and evaluation. In the mid-1970s, Bloch (1974) Roy (1975) Mudinger and Jauron (1975) and Aspinall (1976) added the diagnosis stage to the nursing process into five stages (on Academics and Practitioners from Indonesia of Health and Nursing): assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation and evaluation. currently the nursing process is considered as the basis in nursing practice.
In 1973, the American Nursing Association (ANA) used the nursing process as a guideline in developing standards for nursing practice that were used as a conceptual framework for the nursing education curriculum. In the world, definitions and stages of the nursing process have been used as a basis for developing legal definitions and standards of nursing practice as well as criteria in the certification program. Nursing education curriculum at every level of education (D3, S1, S2, and S3) currently uses the nursing process as a framework.
The aim of the nursing process in general is to develop a conceptual framework based on the individual (client), family and community circumstances so that their needs can be met. Yura and Walsh (1983) stated that the nursing process is a stage of action design aimed at fulfilling nursing goals which includes maintaining optimal client health, if the situation changes to a quantity and quality of nursing care for conditions to return to an abnormal state.
If optimal health cannot be achieved, the nursing process must be able to facilitate maximum quality of life based on circumstances to achieve a higher degree of life during his lifetime (Lyer, 1996) Every step of the nursing process is always based on broad knowledge, especially science and nursing models based on the philosophy of nursing that nursing care to clients must emphasize on 3 aspects (1) humanistic): nursing care views and treats clients as humans and even as nurses (2 ) holistic: nursing care must be able to meet basic human needs as a whole (bio-psycho-socio-spiritual) and (3) care: nursing care must be based on standards of nursing practice and nursing code of ethics. Professionally, the nursing process presents a scope of nursing practice. Nursing practice covers the standard of nursing practice. The Standat was adopted and published by the American Nursing Association (ANA) in 1973. Nurses have the responsibility of carrying out their duties in accordance with nursing standards regardless of where they work and what their specialization is.
In the world the implementation of nursing practice standards has also been regulated in government regulation through the Health Act and concerning Professional Nursing Practices. The use of the nursing process is very beneficial for clients, families and communities because it encourages them to actively participate by involving them in their stages.
The client provides resources for assessment, validates nursing diagnoses and provides feedback for evaluation. Well structured nursing planning will enable nurses to provide nursing care in a continuous, safe manner and create a therapeutic environment. These conditions will help speed up the recovery of clients and allow clients to adapt to the existing environment The nursing process will increase satisfaction at work and enhance professional development. Improving the relationship between nurses and clients can be done through the application of the nursing process.
The nursing process allows for the development of creativity in explaining client problems. This will prevent nurses from getting bored doing routine work and preventing nurses from taking a task-oriented approach. The purpose of nursing care is to identify the client's problem. Is the client in good health or sick. The nursing process as one of the main approaches in providing nursing care is basically a process of decision making and problem solving. After the application of the nursing process, nurses are required to have knowledge of concepts and theories as a basis for interpreting the data obtained after establishing effective communication.
This knowledge includes the nurse's ability to obtain data or facts, select and process information and decide on nursing care based on the data obtained. This stage is to determine the priority of the problem, look for alternative interventions and choose and implement alternative outcomes that have been determined, the nursing process is a cycle because it requires a modification of the re-planning review, updating the intervention and re-evaluating. Therefore, every step in the nursing process requires accurate data. This will be achieved if nurses are able to establish good communication.

Nursing Management Learning in Training at the Hospital

Nursing Management Learning in Training at the Hospital
Management is a dynamic and proactive approach in carrying out an activity in an organization. Management is also defined as the process of carrying out work through the efforts of others. Management functions to carry out all activities that need to be carried out in order to achieve goals within the limits set at the administrative level. Planning (planning) a process that starts with formulating organizational goals to compile and set a series of activities to achieve them, through planning that will be able to determine the duties of staff.
With this task a leader will have guidelines for conducting supervision and evaluation and determining the resources needed by staff in carrying out their duties Nursing management is a process of working through nursing staff members to provide professional nursing care. Nursing management is a special task that must be carried out by the nursing manager to plan, organize, direct and supervise existing resources both human resources, tools, and funds so as to provide effective nursing services, training and experience by nurses in hospital, both to patients, families and the community, nursing managers required to plan, organize, lead and evaluate the facilities and infrastructure available to be able to provide nursing care that is as effective and efficient as possible for individuals, families and communities.
Organizing (organizing) is a series of management activities to collect all data sources owned by the organization and use it efficiently to achieve organizational goals. Actuating (directing, commanding, coordinating) or mobilization is the process of providing guidance to staff so that they are able to work optimally and carry out their tasks in accordance with the skills they have in accordance with the support of available resources.
Controlling (monitoring, monitoring) is a process to continuously observe the implementation of a work plan that has been prepared and make corrections to deviations that occur. Nursing management should be based on planning, because through the planning function the leadership can reduce the risk of errors, facilitate problem solving. Nursing management is carried out through effective use of time. Nursing managers who value time will plan well programmed and carry out activities according to the allotted time. Nursing management involves decision makers.
Various situations and problems that occur when managing nursing activities require the involvement of decision makers at various managerial levels Meeting the patient's nursing care needs is the focus of the attention of the nursing manager by considering what the patient sees, thinks, believes and wants. Patient satisfaction is the main point of all treatment goals.
Direction is an element of nursing management activities that includes the process of delegation, supervision, coordination and control of the implementation of plans that have been organized. A good nursing division can motivate nurses to show their best work performance Nursing management uses effective communication. Staff development is important to be implemented as an effort to prepare nurses for higher positions or to increase nurses' knowledge and skills. Control is an element of nursing management which includes: evaluating the implementation of plans that have been made, giving instructions, setting standards and comparing them with appearance and correcting deficiencies that occur.

The Curriculum is the Design of Educational Programs for Schools

The curriculum is the Design of Educational Programs for Schools
This is a summary of the definition or understanding of the curriculum in general and its objectives complete with benefits. The term curriculum is usually always related to the world of education and this term is often found in schools both elementary, middle, high school, to college. What is meant by curriculum? If you want to understand it, you can read the explanation in this paper.
A. Curriculum Explanation. What is meant by the curriculum is an educational tool that is an answer to various needs and challenges in society, or the curriculum can be interpreted as a set of subjects and educational programs that contain the design of various types of lessons in schools. With the curriculum, the teaching-learning process in schools can run well and regularly. Learning curriculum for converts, certainly the curriculum must be applied in every school in the World in accordance with applicable regulations and policies. With the curriculum, the activities in teaching and learning carried out in schools are able to meet educational standards.
The curriculum must also be used in accordance with the level of education of students. The curriculum is arranged, prepared and developed for the benefit of education, especially to prepare students so that they can live in society. That is in the community, so not only applying abilities or skills, but students must also be able to apply the values of life and good norms in society. The curriculum does not only contain the objectives and direction of education, but also contains the learning experience students need to have and how to apply the experience itself. Given the importance of the curriculum in education and in life, in compiling the curriculum must understand the basic concepts of the curriculum itself.
B. Curriculum Components. There are 4 (four) main components that form a curriculum, these components include the following:
1. Purpose. Components of this goal are always related to the expected results. In a narrow sense this goal is usually associated with the value system adopted by the community. Usually the formulation of objectives can also describe a society in the ideals. For example, like the value system or philosophy adopted by the Indonesian people, namely Pancasila, it is usually the purpose of the curriculum to form a Pancasialis society. While in the broadest sense this component of objectives relates to the vision and mission of the school or the objectives of the learning process.
2. Content or Material. The component content or material is usually related to all aspects both related to the subject matter or activities of students who are directed to achieve educational goals. So this component is related to the learning experience that students must have.
3. Implementation Strategy. The strategy component is usually associated with learning strategies in implementing curriculum or efforts in delivering learning material so that the learning objectives can be achieved.
4. Evaluation. This evaluation component is used to assess the effectiveness of a curriculum in achieving its objectives and to assess the learning process. Through evaluation it can be determined the value of a curriculum whether it needs to be maintained or not, or it could be any part of the curriculum that needs to be improved so that it is more perfect and better.
C. Curriculum Function. Generally the curriculum serves to guide or reference teachers in providing education to students or students. So for the curriculum teacher serves as a guide in conducting the learning process in schools. Whereas schools and supervisors function as guidelines in carrying out education supervision. For parents the curriculum serves as a guideline in guiding their children while studying. Then for the curriculum community serves as a guide in providing rocks for the implementation of the educational process. And for students or curriculum students function as a guide in learning, especially in schools. For more details, here is an explanation of the functions of the curriculum.

The Role of Nurses in Hospital Service Performance

The Role of Nurses in Hospital Service Performance
This research is a quantitative descriptive study with cross sectional approach, namely research that provides information about the situation at one time. The population used is all nurses in the hospital. Research data is primary data obtained from the results of answers to questionnaires that have been given to 71 people as research respondents. The data analysis technique in this study is the Spearman and Kruskal Wallis Rank Correlations which are used to test the research hypotheses. The existence of hospitals as a means of public health, increasingly felt its role in providing health services. Therefore, the hospital is required to be able to serve and provide services for people who need hospital services.
The main pillar of the organization of a hospital cannot release the role and existence of functional personnel who carry out their functions as both doctors and nurses. Where functional staff is very influential on the appearance and quality of service. This study aims to determine the relationship between educational background with the performance of nurses or influence of education with the nurse performance in the Eye Hospital. Based on the test results it can be concluded that there is a significant relationship between educational background with performance as indicated by a correlation value of 0.695 and there is a significant relationship between educational background with performance sub variables consisting of technical ability with moderate correlation value, managerial ability with high correlation value, interpersonal ability with a moderate correlation value, with the probability value in each test smaller than the significant level of 0.05.
This means that the educational background achieved by nurses has a relationship with the achievement of their performance. And based on Kruskal Wallis analysis, it can be seen that there are differences in technical abilities, managerial abilities, interpersonal skills, and performance based on educational background. In providing registration services to the public and to support the progress and development of registration services, at the Mental Hospital institution, patient satisfaction is required to obtain quality patient care, to determine the progress and development of the agency.
Based on preliminary studies at the Mental Hospital in August, there were as many patients treated as whole, consisting of men and women in general outpatient care. Average outpatient per day in 2007. Interviews of patients as many as 30 or 90% of patients about the quality of outpatient services for the registration, such as lack of waiting rooms for general poly, environmental hygiene. In the service system the results obtained are only 60% satisfactory service, which has an ideal level in the service system that is 80%.
The purpose of this study is to find out how big is the relationship between the quality of outpatient registration services and patient satisfaction at the hospital. The type of this research is quantitative descriptive with cross sectional approach of this study population is all patients who use outpatient registration services at the Mental Hospital. The research sample used was a random sampling done randomly with a total of 94 patient respondents.
Data collection techniques used were questionnaires, and interviews. The independent variable is the quality of registration services, the dependent variable is patient satisfaction. Furthermore, the responses of respondents through the questionnaire provided were calculated using a statistical method with the SPSS Release 11.5 program, namely the Spermant Rho correlation, Product Moment correlation and the Coefficient of Determination.

Nursing Services in Assisting Patients

Nursing Services in Assisting Patients
Nursing Services. Nursing services are an aid, and nursing services are provided due to physical and mental weaknesses, limited knowledge and lack of ability to lead to the ability to carry out daily life activities independently. In essence the activities or actions of nursing are helpful (assistive in nature). Nurses in this case help clients or patients cope with the effects of health problems and illness (health illness problems) on their daily lives.
Thus what is meant by the understanding of nursing services. This time Nursing will share again what is meant by nursing services. In providing health services, of course it cannot be carried out individually between sections. Also included with this nursing service. The quality of health services or quality of nursing care services provided by many health institutions can almost always satisfy patients, and is therefore often referred to as quality health services. One definition states that the quality of health services usually refers to the ability of hospitals, provide services that are in accordance with the standards of the health profession and can be accepted by patients. One of the terms of health services. The quality of health care is one that shows the level of perfection in providing health services in each patient. The more perfect the satisfaction, the better the quality of health services.
Thus what is meant by the understanding of health services. That is the understanding of the quality of health services. In organizing efforts to maintain the quality of hospital health services can not be separated from the nursing profession that plays an important role. Based on standards regarding evaluation and quality control it is explained that nursing services guarantee high quality nursing care by continuously engaging in quality control programs in hospitals. understanding the quality of nursing services is the professional attitude of nurses who provide a comfortable, protected feeling for every patient who is undergoing a healing process where this attitude is compensation as a service provider and is expected to cause a feeling of satisfaction in the patient.
 Nursing services within the framework of health services are carried out by nurses together with other health workers in order to achieve goals and health care, disease prevention, early diagnosis, healing and recovery from illness / accident and rehabilitation. The point is to achieve health for every human being. That is the nursing service which is certainly carried out by the nurse itself. Forms of nursing services include:
Physiological. Each patient will experience physiological disorders due to the influence of the cause of each disease germ that attacks / suffers by the patient. Psychological. Every patient will be traumatized so that psychological disorders will also be experienced if psychological problems are not immediately handled properly eating will affect the healing of the patient's moistness. Social and Cultural People who are sick will affect social and cultural diminished even interaction with social and cultural activities.
This requires encouragement or enthusiasm from people around (social) And this nursing service is provided because there are several factors, namely: Inability. Ignorance. Ignorance in meeting the basic needs that are being disturbed. That was a little friend about nursing services and hopefully can be useful and can also provide benefits.
Quality of Nursing Services. To be able to provide a quality health service, many things need to be understood, one of which is considered to have a very important role is about what is meant by quality of service. Quality aspects of nursing services. According to Parasuraman aspects of quality or service quality are: Reliability, namely the ability to provide the promised service immediately, accurately and satisfactorily, honestly, safely, on time, availability. This whole is related to trust in service in relation to time, responsiveness, namely the desire of employees or employees to help consumers and provide services that are responsive to the needs of consumers, quickly pay attention and address those needs.
Guarantee (assurance). Includes ability, knowledge, courtesy and trustworthiness that is owned by employees, free from danger, risk, doubt, have competence, confidence and lead to belief in the truth (objective). Empathy or care (empathy). Includes ease in making good communication relationships and understanding consumer needs that are manifested in full attention to each consumer, serving consumers friendly and attractive, understanding consumer aspirations, communicating well and correctly and behaving sympathetically.
Direct or tangible evidence (tangibles). Includes physical facilities, employee equipment, cleanliness (health), well organized, neatly dressed and harmonious, employee appearance or equipment and communication tools. Meanwhile, according to the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia (in Onni) it has been established that care services are said to be of good quality if nurses in providing services to patients are in accordance with basic aspects of care.

Emotional Intelligence in Formal Education Qualifications

Emotional Intelligence in Formal Education Qualifications
Intelligence Quotient (IQ) is often regarded as the main determinant of one's success. Rosalie Holian from RMIT University once wrote "EQ Versus IQ: What's the Perfect Management Mix?" Published by The Conversation said that people with high IQs tend to be good problem solvers. They are also good at finding the best solution when faced with a new situation. "When someone with a high IQ also has a high level of knowledge, which can be obtained from experience and formal education qualifications and stimulation of emotional intelligence in school, then they tend to have a variety of skills," said Holian. On this basis, people who have high IQs are often considered suitable to be leaders. However, lately, talk of emotional intelligence has also surfaced; the point is that intelligence alone is not enough. You must be good at managing emotions well.
A study titled "It Pays to Have an Eye for Emotions: Emotion Recognition Ability Indirectly Predicts Annual Income" (PDF) conducted by Tasillo Momm shows that a person's level of emotion recognition ability is indirectly related to their income each year. Emotional abilities enable a person not only to process things that are loaded with information content effectively, but they also use that information to organize the organization's social world for prosperity," writes Momm, et al.

What Is Emotional Intelligence?
John D. Mayer of the University of New Hampshire (PDF) said that emotional intelligence is the ability to think and use emotions to improve thinking skills. "This includes the ability to feel emotions properly, to access and manage emotions to help the mind, to understand emotions and knowledge about emotions, and to reflect emotions so they can regulate emotions and intellectual growth," Mayer said. Mayer also revealed that emotional intelligence means being involved in the capacity to feel emotions, assimilate with emotional emotions, understand information from those emotions. In an article titled "Emotional Intelligence as a Standard Intelligence" (PDF) written with David R. Caruso, Peter Salovey, and Gill Sitarenios, Mayer wrote about the concept of measuring emotional intelligence that correlates with a relationship.
"When a person's relationship with another person or object changes, understand the emotion of that person or object. Is the person seen as a feared threat, or an object to be liked, "said Mayer, et al. Emotional intelligence refers to the ability to recognize emotional meanings and relationships, and use them as a basis for reasoning and problem solving. Therefore, emotions are used to increase cognitive activity.
In another article, "What is Emotional Intelligence" (PDF) Mayer shows the stages of emotional intelligence. The first stage is feeling emotions, that is, the ability to identify emotions on the face: happiness, sadness, anger, and fear are easy to recognize. A person's ability to feel emotions accurately through other people's faces or voices can be an important start for understanding emotions deeply. The second stage is to convey that humans can facilitate the mind with emotions, namely the ability to utilize emotional information and directly to enhance thinking. At this stage, emotions are important to encourage creativity.
Changes in mood and positive moods affect creative thinking. The third stage is understanding emotions, namely the ability of humans to understand emotional information in a relationship, the transition from one emotion to another, as well as linguistic information about emotions. Mayer explains: happiness usually drives the desire to join others, anger drives the desire to attack or hurt others, fear drives the desire to run away.
The last is the stage of managing emotions. Mayer said that this can be done if someone understands emotions. "When someone is in the emotional comfort zone, it becomes possible to regulate and manage one's emotions and others, so that they can develop themselves and others and goals in the social environment," said Mayer, et al. Utilizing Emotional Intelligence In an article entitled "Emotional Intelligence" (PDF), Peter Salovey and John D. Mayer write that systematic moods and emotions can be beneficial in problem solving.
"First, emotional changes can facilitate the formation of several future plans. Second, positive emotions can change the organization of memory so cognitive material is more integrated and a variety of ideas are seen as more related, "said Salovey and Mayer. In addition, they also view that emotions can help them get out of a process and focus on more pressing needs, and finally, emotions can be used to help performance on complex intelligence tasks. The mood is equally important. According to them, a positive mood will have a positive impact on solving creative problems. An individual with a positive mood is more likely to sort out the problem.